Cardiac Assessment by PV Loop in IPAH and Scleroderma PAH
This observational study is being done to understand why people with scleroderma can develop pulmonary arterial hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs, abbreviated PAH) and a weak heart muscle (heart failure). The study will also help the investigators understand why people with PAH from an unknown cause (called idiopathic PAH, or IPAH) can also develop a weakened heart muscle. The response of the right side of the heart or right ventricle (RV) to standard PAH therapy in scleroderma-associated PAH and in IPAH will be assessed. Blood and tissue samples will be collected from research participants during participants' normal ...
Cardiac Function and Exercise Capacity in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance inducing shortness of breath and exercise intolerance. We aim to correlate cardiac function (evaluated at rest by right heart catheterism and RMN) to exercise capacity (evaluated by endurance time at 75% of maximal workout), in prevalent patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, and their evolution at three and twelve months.
Cardiometabolic Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension
This study will investigate if metformin can help people with obesity and high pressures inside their lung blood vessels. Metformin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat diabetes, but metformin is not approved by the FDA to treat pulmonary hypertension. This study will examine whether Metformin will improve the high pressure inside lung blood vessels in people who are obese. The study will help understand the effect of metformin on pressures inside lung blood vessels.
Cardiopulmonary Toxicity of Thoracic Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy improves locoregional control and survival of thoracic tumour patients. However, the associated exposure of normal tissues, often leads to side effects and possibly even reduces survival. Indeed, there is growing evidence that overall survival after radiotherapy for lung and oesophageal cancer is related to the radiation dose to heart and lungs. This suggests that thoracic radiotherapy causes mortality, which is currently not recognized as radiation-induced toxicity. So the question arises how to explain this treatment-related mortality. Interestingly, Ghobadi et al demonstrated in rats that thoracic irradiation can...
Cardiovascular Complications of Sickle Cell Disease
In this research study, we are using heart imaging exams and blood testing, in order to gain an improved understanding of the pulmonary (lung) hypertension and cardiovascular (heart) complications that often occur in sickle cell patients. Information gathered from the healthy volunteers that participate in this study will be compared to information from the sickle cell patients in this study in order to help further our understanding.
Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Hypertension: a Randomised Study
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial tachycardia (AT), including type I atrial flutter, are frequently observed in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Catheter ablation of AF / AT has been established as an effective treatment option in selected patients. However, little is known about the efficacy and safety of this approach in patients with PH. It has also been shown that considerable proportion of patients with PH after acutely successful catheter ablation suffer from the recurrence of clinical or newly manifested arrhythmia. We propose a prospective study to compare two ablation strategies in a randomized fashion: ...
Central China Congenital Heart Disease Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Cohort Study
The study will recruit and follow up patients for five years patients newly diagnosed with congenital heart disease associated pulmonary arterial hypertension(CHD-PAH) from the investigator's hospital. The main aim of the study is to describe the aetiology, natural history and management practices of CHD-PAH in central China.
Clinical Study of Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a disease characterised by pathological changes in the pulmonary arteries leading to a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary artery pressure. Right ventricular failure is the main cause of death in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, and the ability of the right ventricle to adapt to the progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance associated with changes to the pulmonary vasculature in pulmonary arterial hypertension is the main determinant of a patient's functional capacity and survival.Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)are a subset of adult stem cells...
Clinical Study of Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty for Patients With Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is the fourth group of pulmonary hypertension (PH) according to clinical classification. Pulmonary endarterectomy（PEA) is the preferred treatment for patients with CTEPH, however, PEA has its limitations, it only applies to the thrombi in the main, lobar, or segmental pulmonary arteries for patients with CTEPH, and the postoperative residual PH is found to be of high percentage. With the development of interventional techniques, balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) has been used to treat chronic thrombotic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) with favorable results and has been...
Clinical Study of Inhaled GB002 for Treatment of WHO Group I Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
This is a Phase 1B, randomized, participant- and investigator-blinded, placebo-controlled, multi-center clinical trial to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), and biomarkers of inhaled GB002 in adults with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH).
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