A Study to Investigate the Efficacy of PADN to Improved Functional Capacity and Hemodynamics in Patients With PAH
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by premature death mainly because of progressive and severe right ventricular failure. Target drugs are reported to be associated with significant improvement of clinical outcome for PAH patients. However, previous studies using those target drugs focused on the change of 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) and or hemodynamic responses. As 6MWD has weak correlation with clinical outcome (time to clinical worsening, TTCW), benefits from target drugs for PAH patients are not clear. We previously reported the safety and efficacy of pulmonary artery denervation (PADN) for treatment of PAH ...
Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Systemic Sclerosis
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a regimen of high-dose immunoablative therapy will demonstrate safety that is consistent or improved with other published regimens in SSc patients, while maintaining a treatment effect. We also hypothesize that our mechanistic studies will yield biomarkers that may herald disease recurrence or progression following alterations in the recovery of immune cells in the skin and/or bronchial lavage or blood.
Biomarkers in Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease and PAH
Nowadays, biomarkers are broadly used in clinical practice. Blood-derived biomarkers fulfil an important role in the field of cardiology. However, most biomarkers have been investigated for adult left ventricular disease. In congenital heart diseases (CHD) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which involves children and mostly the right ventricle, less is known about the clinical and predictive value of blood-derived biomarkers. Since the group of survivors of CHD and PAH is growing because of the improved techniques nowadays, development of better tools to maintain the quality of life for the longer term in these patients is ...
Bleeding Frequency Under Anticoagulant Treatment in Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) patients often receive long term oral anticoagulants. If the indication is strong, in the secondary chronic thrombo-embolism pulmonary hypertension (CTE-PHT) prevention, the frequent prescription (50 to 90% of patients) contrasts with their low level of proof in the PHT. Last but not least, anticoagulants are known to be the principal cause of iatrogenic hospitalization (major bleeding). In this study, patients are all followed during one year, to determine the annual frequency of major bleedings (according to the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) international definition). Each...
Blood Markers Predict Effect of Normobaric Hypoxia at Rest and During Exercise in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension
To study the effect of acute normobaric hypoxia during exercise in patients with pulmonary hypertension on blood markers (serum markers of iron and red blood cell homeostasis and micro-RNAs known to be associated with PH).
Cardiac Assessment by PV Loop in IPAH and Scleroderma PAH
This observational study is being done to understand why people with scleroderma can develop pulmonary arterial hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs, abbreviated PAH) and a weak heart muscle (heart failure). The study will also help the investigators understand why people with PAH from an unknown cause (called idiopathic PAH, or IPAH) can also develop a weakened heart muscle. The response of the right side of the heart or right ventricle (RV) to standard PAH therapy in scleroderma-associated PAH and in IPAH will be assessed. Blood and tissue samples will be collected from research participants during participants' normal ...
Cardiac Function and Exercise Capacity in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance inducing shortness of breath and exercise intolerance. We aim to correlate cardiac function (evaluated at rest by right heart catheterism and RMN) to exercise capacity (evaluated by endurance time at 75% of maximal workout), in prevalent patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, and their evolution at three and twelve months.
Cardiopulmonary Toxicity of Thoracic Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy improves locoregional control and survival of thoracic tumour patients. However, the associated exposure of normal tissues, often leads to side effects and possibly even reduces survival. Indeed, there is growing evidence that overall survival after radiotherapy for lung and oesophageal cancer is related to the radiation dose to heart and lungs. This suggests that thoracic radiotherapy causes mortality, which is currently not recognized as radiation-induced toxicity. So the question arises how to explain this treatment-related mortality. Interestingly, Ghobadi et al demonstrated in rats that thoracic irradiation can...
Cardiovascular Complications of Sickle Cell Disease
In this research study, we are using heart imaging exams and blood testing, in order to gain an improved understanding of the pulmonary (lung) hypertension and cardiovascular (heart) complications that often occur in sickle cell patients. Information gathered from the healthy volunteers that participate in this study will be compared to information from the sickle cell patients in this study in order to help further our understanding.
Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Hypertension: a Randomised Study
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial tachycardia (AT), including type I atrial flutter, are frequently observed in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Catheter ablation of AF / AT has been established as an effective treatment option in selected patients. However, little is known about the efficacy and safety of this approach in patients with PH. It has also been shown that considerable proportion of patients with PH after acutely successful catheter ablation suffer from the recurrence of clinical or newly manifested arrhythmia. We propose a prospective study to compare two ablation strategies in a randomized fashion: ...
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