Biomarkers in Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease and PAH
Nowadays, biomarkers are broadly used in clinical practice. Blood-derived biomarkers fulfil an important role in the field of cardiology. However, most biomarkers have been investigated for adult left ventricular disease. In congenital heart diseases (CHD) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which involves children and mostly the right ventricle, less is known about the clinical and predictive value of blood-derived biomarkers. Since the group of survivors of CHD and PAH is growing because of the improved techniques nowadays, development of better tools to maintain the quality of life for the longer term in these patients is urgently...
Bleeding Frequency Under Anticoagulant Treatment in Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) patients often receive long term oral anticoagulants. If the indication is strong, in the secondary chronic thrombo-embolism pulmonary hypertension (CTE-PHT) prevention, the frequent prescription (50 to 90% of patients) contrasts with their low level of proof in the PHT. Last but not least, anticoagulants are known to be the principal cause of iatrogenic hospitalization (major bleeding). In this study, patients are all followed during one year, to determine the annual frequency of major bleedings (according to the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) international definition). Each event...
BMPR2 Mutations and Iron Metabolism in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Previously characterised PAH patients, including idiopathic, heritable and other forms of group 1 PAH with and without BMPR2 mutation which have already been analysed and are regularly seen in the Center for Pulmonary Hypertension may be contacted to participate in the study. Clinical and laboratory values will be collected prospectively. Patients with IPAH/HPAH and other forms of PAH who are newly diagnosed within the duration of the trial will receive routine diagnostic workup including the routine information about a possible BMPR2 mutation analysis for IPAH/HPAH patients according to guidelines. During their routine visit the...
Cardiac Function and Exercise Capacity in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance inducing shortness of breath and exercise intolerance. We aim to correlate cardiac function (evaluated at rest by right heart catheterism and RMN) to exercise capacity (evaluated by endurance time at 75% of maximal workout), in prevalent patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, and their evolution at three and twelve months.
Cardiac Metabolic Remodeling After Pulmonary Vasodilator Therapy in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Pilot Study
Pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) is associated with the development of right heart failure. In the setting of heart failure, the heart shifts to increasing dependence on glucose metabolism. In this study, the investigators will perform cardiac positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) scans to measure glucose metabolism in the heart before and after initiation of pulmonary vasodilator therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Cardiometabolic Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension
This study will investigate if metformin can help people with obesity and high pressures inside their lung blood vessels. Metformin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat diabetes, but metformin is not approved by the FDA to treat pulmonary hypertension. This study will examine whether Metformin will improve the high pressure inside lung blood vessels in people who are obese. The study will help understand the effect of metformin on pressures inside lung blood vessels.
Cardiopulmonary Interactions in Patients With Heart Failure
This study aims to evaluate cardiopulmonary interactions in patients with heat failure
Cardiopulmonary Toxicity of Thoracic Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy improves locoregional control and survival of thoracic tumour patients. However, the associated exposure of normal tissues, often leads to side effects and possibly even reduces survival. Indeed, there is growing evidence that overall survival after radiotherapy for lung and oesophageal cancer is related to the radiation dose to heart and lungs. This suggests that thoracic radiotherapy causes mortality, which is currently not recognized as radiation-induced toxicity. So the question arises how to explain this treatment-related mortality. Interestingly, Ghobadi et al demonstrated in rats that thoracic irradiation can lead to ...
Cardiovascular Complications of Sickle Cell Disease
In this research study, we are using heart imaging exams and blood testing, in order to gain an improved understanding of the pulmonary (lung) hypertension and cardiovascular (heart) complications that often occur in sickle cell patients. Information gathered from the healthy volunteers that participate in this study will be compared to information from the sickle cell patients in this study in order to help further our understanding.
Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension Hypertension: a Randomised Study
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial tachycardia (AT), including type I atrial flutter, are frequently observed in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Catheter ablation of AF / AT has been established as an effective treatment option in selected patients. However, little is known about the efficacy and safety of this approach in patients with PH. It has also been shown that considerable proportion of patients with PH after acutely successful catheter ablation suffer from the recurrence of clinical or newly manifested arrhythmia. We propose a prospective study to compare two ablation strategies in a randomized fashion: radiofrequency...
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