Actigraphy in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension
Physical activity is an important factor in understanding how diseases can affect a child. Decreases in physical activity are sometimes the first thing that happens before a child is diagnosed with a disease. When a child sees their doctor, that visit reflects a single point in time. It does not capture how a child feels during the days in between visits to their doctor. This study plans to use special monitors called actigraphs to collect information about physical activity in children with a type of disease called pulmonary hypertension. This study will measure how active these children are and compare their activity to clinical information and to actigraphy measurements in children without pulmonary hypertension.
Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms
An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.
An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.
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|Eligible Ages||8 Years - 14 Years|
Inclusion Criteria for children with PAH: 1. Ages 8-14 years at the time of consent 2. Current diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in WHO Diagnostic Group 1 as per established clinical criteria Inclusion Criteria for Control children: 1. Ages 8-14 years at the time of consent 2. Absence of significant cardiopulmonary disease as per medical history Exclusion criteria for children with PAH: 1. Current disease severity of Panama functional class IIIb or IV 2. Any bone, neuromuscular, or other pathology that may limit activity 3. Use of any medications known to limit activity 4. Active infection, or has any of the following:
- - cardiovascular, - liver, - renal, - hematologic, - gastrointestinal, - immunologic, - endocrine, - metabolic, or - central nervous system disease or condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may adversely affect the safety of the subject or interfere with the interpretation of study assessments.
- - an unstable psychiatric condition or - is/are mentally incapable of understanding the objectives, nature, or consequences of the trial, or - has any condition in which the Investigator's opinion would constitute an unacceptable risk to the subject's safety.
This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.
Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.
Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.
Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.
Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.
The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.
|University of Colorado, Denver|
The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.
|Dunbar Ivy, MD|
|Principal Investigator Affiliation||University of Colorado, Denver|
Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.
The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.
|Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension|
Pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (roughly 1-5 cases per 1 million children) is a severe disorder with high mortality and morbidity, but limited treatment options. Pediatric PAH is defined the same as that in adults, which is the presence of abnormally high pulmonary artery pressure. In comparison with adults, pediatric PAH is likely a more severe disorder with higher mortality and morbidity without treatment. Except for INOmax for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, no drug is currently approved in the US to treat pediatric PAH patients 1-17 years of age. Drug development to treat pediatric PAH is an unmet public health need for children and a priority for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, studies that address the safety and efficacy of PAH therapies are rare, in part due to the lack of suitable clinical endpoints and quantitative and qualitative measures of disease severity. A major limitation towards enhancing outcomes of children with PAH is the lack of pediatric efficacy endpoints or surrogate measures that are capable of reproducibly and reliably reflecting changes in pulmonary arterial pressure in response to a therapeutic intervention that is being assessed in a pediatric clinical trial. Children are often too young and developmentally unable to perform standard cardiopulmonary exercise testing and the use of several metrics are not as accurate for reflecting clinical status in children as in adults, such as 6 minute walking distance. Additionally, the use of cardiac catheterization to directly measure pulmonary vascular resistance is invasive, requires anesthesia, and has additional risks for complications. Therefore, to address this critical and unmet medical need in children with PAH, we propose to begin develop a novel, developmentally-appropriate non-invasive endpoint in children through the use of actigraphy. Actigraphy is a mobile device that directly, reproducibly and non-invasively measures physical activity, which can be readily assessed in the ambulatory setting, and may provide a novel, simple and inexpensive approach. Impaired exercise tolerance is a prominent feature of PAH and contributes significantly to reduced quality of life. Assessing exercise capacity is an integral part of the clinical evaluation of PAH in adults and the use of the 6 minute walk distance (6MWD) is the most common primary endpoint in adult PAH clinical trials. Importantly, the 6MWD test and other existing exercise performance tests that are readily applied in adult studies are not reliable and applicable for young children and infants. We propose that actigraphy may provide a novel endpoint for assessing drug efficacy in children if proven to be strongly predictive and reflect clinical course and outcomes of children with PAH. If successful, this early study has great potential for having a significant regulatory impact that will advance the public health mission, as actigraphy could possibly become an endpoint that would be accepted in pediatrics as a regulatory standard for PAH clinical trials. The purpose of the current study is to describe the use of actigraphy in children with PAH and to determine if correlations exist between actigraphy data and clinical data in children with PAH.
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