Early Diagnosis of Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients With Inflammatory Rheumatic Connective Tissue Diseases
The purposes of this study are (I), to evaluate various screening methods for their ability to predict and to confirm Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) in scleroderma patients, and (II) to evaluate the incidence of PH (i.e. the number of new cases per year) in scleroderma patients.
Effect of Exercise and Respiratory Therapy on Right Ventricular Function in Severe Pulmonary Hypertension
Chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with impaired exercise capacity, quality of life and right ventricular function.The disease is characterized by an increase of pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary arterial pressure, leading to right heart insufficiency. In later stages of the disease, the right heart is not able to further increase right ventricular contractility (cardiac index) during exercise. Within the last decade, new disease-targeted medical therapies have been approved for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Sequential and upfront combinations of these agents have shown to further ...
Effect of Exercise Training in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) is a serious disease with a dismal prognosis when left untreated. Advances in medical therapy have improved survival according to recent registries and systematic reviews, but are associated with high healthcare costs. Earlier studies in Heidelberg, Germany showed good evidence for the effect of exercise training on improving exercise performance, quality of life and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with pulmonary hypertension. The main objectives of the present project are: 1. to investigate the quality of the implementation of a standardized 3 week in-hospital exercise training...
Effect of Home Rehabilitation on State of Patients With PAH, HFREF and IHD
The aim of the study is to evaluate the influence of physical training and respiratory rehabilitation performed by patients at home on quality of life, symptoms, physical endurance, force of respiratory and skeletal muscles and body mass composition in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) or left ventricular heart failure with reduced ejection fraction - HFREF), or ischemic heart disease and evaluation the number of stem cells, natural lymphoid cells and distribution of subpopulations of monocytes (including proangiogenic monocytes) in examined persons and evaluation of theirs eventual influence of the course of...
Effect of Inhaled Albuterol in Pulmonary Hypertension
The purpose of the present pilot study is to test the hypothesis that in patients with group 1 pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who are on regular oral pulmonary vasodilator therapy, inhaled albuterol causes transient pulmonary vasodilation. If the results support this premise, they could serve as the basis for a phase 2 trial investigating the potential for using inhaled long-acting β2-adrenergic agonists as add-on therapy in group 1 PAH. Echocardiography will be performed before and after administration of inhaled albuterol.
Effect of Vasopressin vs Norepinephrine on Pulmonary Oxygenation and Lung Mechanics in Patients With Hypertension Therapy During One-lung Ventilation : Preliminary Study
Hypotension during anesthesia often occurs because reduced systemic vascular resistance and blocked sympathetic nervous system by anesthetic drugs. In patients who are taking hypertension medication, blood pressure drops are exaggerated by inadequate compensation mechanism due to decrease of blood vessel elasticity and desensitization of baroreceptors. In one-lung ventilation (OLV) during thoracic surgery, persistent perfusion of non-ventilatory lungs can lead to increased intra-pulmonary shunt and hypoxemia. As a compensatory mechanism, the gravitational effect and hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction occur. Among these, hypoxic ...
Effects of DHEA in Pulmonary Hypertension
The goal of this crossover trial is to determine whether the study drug dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) improves right ventricular longitudinal strain measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at 18 weeks compared to placebo and to assess side effects and safety in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Effects of Different Types of Physical Training in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.
Although there has been some progress in pharmacological management of PAH, limited functional capacity and low survival still persist, but there is evidence that exercise training can be accomplished without adverse effects or damage to cardiac function and pulmonary hemodynamics. Specifically, improvements in symptoms, exercise capacity, peripheral muscle function and quality of life. Training programs need to be better studied and well defined, and their physiological effects during physical training and functional capacity. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of different training exercises on physical performance...
Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension
This study aims to determine the possible effects of inspiratory muscle training on cardiovascular, respiratory, physical and psychosocial functions in patients with PH.
Effects of RT234 on Exercise Parameters Accessed by CPET in Subjects With PAH
The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effects of RT234 on exercise parameters assessed by a specialized exercise test (Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test or CPET) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).
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