Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Systemic Sclerosis
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a regimen of high-dose immunoablative therapy will demonstrate safety that is consistent or improved with other published regimens in SSc patients, while maintaining a treatment effect. We also hypothesize that our mechanistic studies will yield biomarkers that may herald disease recurrence or progression following alterations in the recovery of immune cells in the skin and/or bronchial lavage or blood.
Bardoxolone Methyl in Patients With Connective Tissue Disease-associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - CATALYST
This study assesses the safety and efficacy of bardoxolone methyl relative to placebo in patients with connective tissue disease-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension to determine the recommended dose range and evaluate the change from baseline in 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) following 24 weeks of study participation.
Beta-blockers in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
The investigators will conduct a, randomized, phase 2, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, crossover trial of carvedilol in 26 PAH patients with World Health Organization functional class II or III symptoms and RV ejection fraction (EF) < 45% for 6 months.
Biomarkers in Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease and PAH
Nowadays, biomarkers are broadly used in clinical practice. Blood-derived biomarkers fulfil an important role in the field of cardiology. However, most biomarkers have been investigated for adult left ventricular disease. In congenital heart diseases (CHD) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which involves children and mostly the right ventricle, less is known about the clinical and predictive value of blood-derived biomarkers. Since the group of survivors of CHD and PAH is growing because of the improved techniques nowadays, development of better tools to maintain the quality of life for the longer term in these patients is urgently...
Bleeding Frequency Under Anticoagulant Treatment in Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) patients often receive long term oral anticoagulants. If the indication is strong, in the secondary chronic thrombo-embolism pulmonary hypertension (CTE-PHT) prevention, the frequent prescription (50 to 90% of patients) contrasts with their low level of proof in the PHT. Last but not least, anticoagulants are known to be the principal cause of iatrogenic hospitalization (major bleeding). In this study, patients are all followed during one year, to determine the annual frequency of major bleedings (according to the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) international definition). Each event...
BMPR2 Mutations and Iron Metabolism in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Previously characterised PAH patients, including idiopathic, heritable and other forms of group 1 PAH with and without BMPR2 mutation which have already been analysed and are regularly seen in the Center for Pulmonary Hypertension may be contacted to participate in the study. Clinical and laboratory values will be collected prospectively. Patients with IPAH/HPAH and other forms of PAH who are newly diagnosed within the duration of the trial will receive routine diagnostic workup including the routine information about a possible BMPR2 mutation analysis for IPAH/HPAH patients according to guidelines. During their routine visit the...
Bronchodilator's Effects on Exertional Dyspnoea in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Activity-related dyspnoea appears to be the earliest and the most frequent complaint for which patients with PAH seek medical attention. This symptom progresses relentlessly with time leading invariably to avoidance of activity with consequent skeletal muscle deconditioning and an impoverished quality of life. Unfortunately, effective management of this disabling symptom awaits a better understanding of its underlying physiology. Our team has recently showed that PAH patients may exhibit reduced expiratory flows at low lung volumes at spirometry (namely instantaneous forced expiratory flows measured after 50% and 75% of the FVC has been...
Cardiac Function and Exercise Capacity in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance inducing shortness of breath and exercise intolerance. We aim to correlate cardiac function (evaluated at rest by right heart catheterism and RMN) to exercise capacity (evaluated by endurance time at 75% of maximal workout), in prevalent patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension, and their evolution at three and twelve months.
Cardiac Metabolic Remodeling After Pulmonary Vasodilator Therapy in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Pilot Study
Pulmonary arterial hypertension(PAH) is associated with the development of right heart failure. In the setting of heart failure, the heart shifts to increasing dependence on glucose metabolism. In this study, the investigators will perform cardiac positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) scans to measure glucose metabolism in the heart before and after initiation of pulmonary vasodilator therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Cardiometabolic Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension
This study will investigate if metformin can help people with obesity and high pressures inside their lung blood vessels. Metformin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat diabetes, but metformin is not approved by the FDA to treat pulmonary hypertension. This study will examine whether Metformin will improve the high pressure inside lung blood vessels in people who are obese. The study will help understand the effect of metformin on pressures inside lung blood vessels.
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